What is an original work?

I learned about plagiarism as part of the orientation after I entered UoPeople(University of the People). Looking back, I realized that I had never studied plagiarism. After studying this time, I found that there were cases when plagiarism was done intentionally, and cases when plagiarism was done unintentionally (without thinking that one's action was plagiarism).

In this orientation, I learned "what is plagiarism?" and "techniques to prevent plagiarism". According to The Plagiarism Tutorial from Simon Fraser University:

Plagiarism means using the words or ideas of another person as if they were your own and without giving proper credit to the sources you have used.

cf. Simon Fraser University. The Plagiarism Tutorial. https://canvas.sfu.ca/courses/15986/pages/1-dot-2-introduction?module_item_id=176256 (accessed 2020-06-07)

The following is the golden rule to follow to prevent unintentional plagiarism (Intentional plagiarism is out of the question).

You must provide a citation for any facts, ideas, or data that you took from another source. The only time you do not need to cite is when the fact or idea is "common knowledge". If you are unsure whether a fact or idea is common knowledge, cite your source!

cf. Simon Fraser University. The Plagiarism Tutorial. https://canvas.sfu.ca/courses/15986/pages/2-dot-1-citing-sources?module_item_id=176260 (accessed 2020-06-07)

So, what is an original work that is the exact opposite of plagiarism? I think that it is a work that is based on one's experiences, viewpoints, thoughts, and values. Furthermore, I think that it will be a higher quality original work if one can tell how one's viewpoints, thoughts, values have changed due to the words or ideas of another person.

I'm going to write reports every week. I will write original reports citing the words or ideas of another person.

I entered University of the People.

As a professional developer, you'll be able to do more than just play around with code. You can make use of your problem-solving skills and develop amazing solutions to real-life problems using complex algorithms, in industries ranging from IT, mobile, cybersecurity, games development, healthcare, and even data science. By holding a computer science degree, you enter the workforce as someone who not only speaks the language but can actually write it.

cf. Bachelor of Science in Computer Science | University of the People

I have worked as a developer for about nine years, and now I can do most of works that deal with problems of an existing system. I can read the complex code and update the relatively big system. But I have been feeling like something's lacking in me and not been able to verbalize it until recently.

Meanwhile, when I was looking at the computer science course page of an online university, I found the sentence written at the beginning of this post. And there was an impactful expression in it.

play around with code.

I felt that the works I had done so far could be expressed just like this and I wanted to be able to do "make use of your problem-solving skills and develop amazing solutions to real-life problems using complex algorithms". There are various problems around us. I decided to enter this online university so that I could solve them using my problem-solving skills and technical skills.

I think that this online university is very unique. There are two unique points. The first is that the students evaluate each other, and the content of evaluation actually affect the grades of each student. Each student works on a given task and assess the output of the task by other students. I think that they can understand the evaluation axis (important point) of the task and deepen their own ideas by standing in the position of evaluation. The second unique point is the university's mission of providing education opportunities to people all over the world. We can take all courses from anywhere connected to the internet and the entire cost (from admission to graduation) is cheaper than other universities. If condition permits, we can take all courses free of charge.

First of all, I'm going to start with an associate's degree program. It's entirely up to me whether or not I make progress. I will do my best.

PBP(Possession, Behaviour, Presence) for Coaching

I read 'The Basics of Coaching' to learn about Coaching. I got the viewpoints of PBP(Possession, Behaviour, Presence) by reading. They are important viewpoints that a Coach should have for understanding clients.

  • What should my client get?
  • What should my client do?
  • What should my client be?

A Coach is required to communicate with clients while thinking something like that.

In this article, I'll organise my learning about the outline of Coaching from this book with the viewpoints of PBP. Just for information, this book also says the details of Coaching, some practical cases, and so on.

What is Coaching?
Coaching is a process to support clients to get skills, knowledges, stance necessary for achievement of their goal and take action through numerous dialogue. The goal of Coaching is that clients achieve their goal, realise self-growth, and get ability to control themselves and adapt their roles.

What should I get for Coaching? (Possession)

  • Three viewpoints

    • Possession
    • Behaviour
    • Presence
  • Seven Communication Skills

    • Listen
    • Pace
    • Question
    • Acknowledge
    • Feedback
    • Propose
    • Request

What should I do for Coaching? (Behaviour)

  • Coaching Process
    1. Setup
    2. Clarify a client's goal
    3. Clarify a client's current situation
    4. Analysis cause of gap between the client's goal and current situation
    5. Make an action plan for the client's goal
    6. Follow up

What should I be for Coaching? (Presence)

  • Have a dialogue with clients interactively to expose their unconscious.
  • Keep in touch with clients to take them closer to achieving their goals steadily.
  • Provide clients with individualised Coaching.

この1冊ですべてわかる コーチングの基本

この1冊ですべてわかる コーチングの基本